Constructive Drawing

In this article I’ll talk about importance and necessity of art classes with “constructive” drawing program. Drawing classes cannot be based only on observational skills of a student, moreover, every art school should teach a constructive drawing as a main core of a program. “Constructive” means drawing from three dimensional objects based on rules of measurement, sight measurements in art term. Every student has to be able to figure out perspectives and proportions of an object using rules of sight measurement.  That is why teaching realistic-style art classes has to be done from three dimensional objects, and with teachers who can clearly explain these rules along with hands-on demonstrations of different techniques.

Realistic-style drawing is the most difficult task for any student, but it is the foundation of your professional career as a studio artist, architect, sculptor, computer games designer or any other specialties in the design field. And, if you lucky enough to find a classically-trained artist, who also has talent to teach and explain step-by-step rules of constructive drawing, then you’ll have a very pleasant experience of learning realistic-style drawing.

Drawing from nature and three dimensional objects, involves not only observing the form, sizes and relationships of different parts of objects, color and tone, but also to be able to show it all in your drawing. In other words, what you see around you should be able to draw it in realistic-style. Besides giving a strong skill set to a student, this training is invaluable part of overall development of an artist, especially for children!

Those teachers, who are using only observational approach in their art classes, should be careful and concern of the correctness in development of their students. If students practicing only by copying an image from two dimensional materials like a photograph or a print, they will be unable to draw a realistic object in front of them without making many mistakes.

There are stages in every project students have to go through to reach the final result, when an object in your drawing looks and feels as close as possible to the three-dimensional object that you draw. These stages are composing, figuring proportions and perspectives, characterization and finally shading. I’ll talk about every stage in details by describing them in separate articles. In the mean time, I’d like to mention that, as many artists already know, it is a tradition in classical art schools or training in realistic drawing should start with learning how to draw geometrical-based objects. Geometrical object such as cube, sphere, cone and cylinder are the foundation of all aspects of drawing. For instance, to be able to understand how rules of perspectives work you must start by learning how to draw a cube from different angles. Or, let’s take a look at all symmetrical objects around us. Look at the vases, tea pots, cups and many other symmetrical objects, they all based on the cylinder. Even for the most difficult task for any art student, how to draw human head, or full figure, it comes to the same base, which is knowledge of constructive drawing of geometrical forms.